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Salt: A World History

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Salt: A World History Summary & Study Guide Description
Salt: A World History Summary & Study Guide Description

About one hundred settlers traveled on the Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery for the new world. Explain why the Renaissance began in Italy. Primarily, the Renaissance began in Italy because this was the home of ancient Rome. The Renaissance was inspired by humanism, the rediscovery of ancient Western learning. During this period, many Why did Eurasia conquer America, Africa, and Australia? The first was a pervasive religious imperialism founded on the Christian doctrine to spread Following Reconstruction, many Southern states passed legislation that became known as Jim Crow Hardships for African Americans living in the United States were far from over when slavery was abolished in The Civil War might have ended, and the final decision on the legality of slavery Thanks to the Bantu Education Act, which was effective from to , the education of black children in South Africa was controlled by the apartheid government.

The mission schools which black Explain how important black families, churches, schools, and other institutions were to the Several institutions helped African Americans come together during the Reconstruction period of American History. The church has long been an important part of the black experience in America, as Numerous states allow citizens to vote to change their state constitutions. Should the process of The process of amending the Constitution is long and complex—and intentionally so.

The Founding Fathers saw the Constitution as a bulwark against any kind of hasty, ill-thought-out policy Why did the American colonists use indentured servants? First, indentured servitude was essentially a contract of cheap labor between a worker and a colonist.

As the colonies grew in North America, so did the vast amount of land controlled by the In her essay, Kamen uses the term "Archaic Greece" to limit her discussion broadly to the swath of time between B. How would you describe US foreign policy in the nineteenth century?

US foreign policy in the nineteenth century was quite fluid. In the early part of the century, the United States fought a war with Britain, during the War of There were also concerns about What are the values of New Orleans subculture? New Orleans has a diverse and vibrant culture, which includes an overriding subculture related to the history of the city and the Mardi Gras parade. The Mardi Gras subculture refers to a variety of The Age of Exploration in most history textbooks, this term is used to refer to a period from the fifteenth century until the late seventeenth or early eighteenth century was enabled by a number There are a number of separate but related concepts here that involve the British Isles.

The United Kingdom is the official name of the government that controls England, Scotland, Wales, and What evidence does Charles Mann use to support his thesis in the book ?

New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, is the variety of evidence he marshals to support his thesis. How were baseball and football at the center of new leisure and mass culture in the late s? Around this time, more people were able to join middle management at factories. This gave the United States a new leisure class who had disposable income to go to baseball and football games. The Radical Republicans did try to impeach President Johnson.

The Radical Republicans believed that President Johnson was blocking attempts to help former slaves as they adjusted to being freed To what extent did Theodore Roosevelt demonstrate the leadership through his state of union address? Why do you think American imperialism stirred debate? Who do you think had the best argument, the Imperialism was such a powerful topic in the late nineteenth-century because it represented how America viewed itself at the time.

The United States was once a colony itself and many people thought How did the Roman code of laws develop, and what were some of its basic principles? The basis of the Roman code of laws was the Twelve Tables, which was created around B.

Their aim was to set out the basic rights and obligations of the Was WWII caused by the move of countries to disarm, leading to aggressive nations seeking to There are various complex and interrelated catalysts of World War II. What ideas does Washington propose to address future rebellions of the same nature in the letter What were the major characteristics of the Restoration colonies? At that time, King Charles resumed the colonization of North America by By the time he gave his speech to the UN, Gorbachev had been carrying out his flagship policy of glasnost, or openness, for three years, and his speech reflected this theme.

What could the wealthy do to mitigate social unrest during turbulent periods? If you look at the history of the world and times of unrest, especially those that resulted in revolution, you can see a common theme of the hopelessness felt by the lower classes in those According to Carnegie what were the benefits of capitalism over socialism? He prefers capitalism over other economic regimes, including socialism, because he believes it What political belief is often linked to late-nineteenth-century US history and stresses the What powers do the president and Congress have to enforce their policies and laws?

The US Constitution gives the legislative branch of the federal government i. The executive branch, which is headed up by the president, In the article "Strategic Collaboration: There are also, all over the world, brine springs and large pure veins of salt in the earth.

This early form of salt, irregular and large chunky crystals, impurities in the supply leading to discolorations, prone to clumping as well as oozing brine in humidity, was prized nonetheless. It often served as a means of trade and was bartered for other goods. These celtic types spread out as far as possible, going as far as being found perfectly preserved in Asian salt mines.

The Roman Empire after defeating the Gauls and absorbing all their salt technology, their salted meat recipes, among other things was the first peoples to declare common salt, that is, salt as a right belonging to all citizens. Most Italian cities were founded along nearby salt works. The first great Roman road, the Via Saleria has a name that might give it a clue as to what was behind its construction.

Salt was such an important part of Roman culture that two rather popular words in English still used today date from their original usage. To pay the large Roman army on the nearly continual German campaigns, generals would often set up salt evaporation ponds. Roman salt works lasted for centuries, some of them being taken over by the French monarchy and used in the s. Later Venetian city state power was built on salt. Merchants there realized that selling and trading salt was actually more profitable than salt harvesting, and thus outsourced the salt production to Indians and Chinese and others.

All imported salt supplied by Venice had to pass through the government for regulation, taxation, etc. As the money came rolling in, the Venetians had to expand their buying and their navy sailed farther and farther afield.

The Venetian navy doubled as a military force and would police the Mediterranean, seizing ships and searching them for illegal salt transportation. In the American Revolution, salt would come to play am important role.

With the supply of Liverpool salt obviously cut off, the very first patent issued in the United States was for a refinement on salt production. Several battles engaged in by George Washington were to secure and hold the American salt production locales and supplies.

Several measures were passed by the Continental Congress advocating salt production in each colony. Pamphlets were published and distributed freely among the colonists for bay salt production. Exemptions were offered to salt works letting their workers out of military service; New Jersey would allow each facility to exempt up to ten men. This importance extended itself in history through the American Civil War as well.

The Union blockade from England was designed to prevent the importation of Liverpool salt through the port of New Orleans. An army essentially could not subsist without salted meat which prevented spoilage and allowed for long marches.

Wherever they marched, Union armies attacked Confederate salt works and when captured, they destroyed them. When the Confederates captured or retook a salt works, they celebrated. This shortage of salt is best demonstrated when Lee surrendered to Grant. It was eventually built and one of its main products shipped was salt. Nearby a ten-mile stretch of the Kanawha River through what is now West Virginia managed to set up the best salt works in America, giving the earlier established Onedega salt works in New York a run for its money.

Cincinnati grew as a city, grew from salt pork due to Ohio grown hogs and Kanawha salt. His salt campaign was launched through the India National Congress. He marched to the Indian Ocean with 78 followers the number rising to thousands and after a ritual purification, he waded to the shore and scooped up a large crystal of salt, thus breaking the British laws. All over India, people began scooping up salt, making salt, mining salt.

In that single moment, that single act, the British lost their colony for all time. Salt has always been a part of our history. Without it, health suffers; with too much of it health suffers. How much is good for you and how much is bad for you seems very particular based on where you live, your activity level, and your genetics. The exact formula can probably never be argued with certainty due to any number of factors playing a role, but what is without question is that salt, that simple little rock, so common today as to be given away freely at restaurants, is still important and will always be important.

In the way the world works, circularly, the various colored, irregular salt crystals of the past, which were spurned when whiter, purer salt was regularized and when consistency of shape and size was prized, are now seen as artisanal salts.

They have now become the expensive style salt whereas they used to be cheaper salt eaten by the poor. The coloration of the salt is merely an indication of differing kinds of dirt in the product. Pure, regular white salt crystals are now the salt of the poor. What comes around goes around. Aug 15, Marc rated it did not like it Shelves: What a disappointment this was.

Facts, myths and stories are mixed almost randomly. Kurlansky even has the annoying habit of adding all kin What a disappointment this was. Kurlansky even has the annoying habit of adding all kinds of other non-salt-related information; unfortunately for him, he regularly makes big mistakes and he repeats himself constantly.

This is certainly not the way that World History should go. View all 10 comments. I very much enjoyed this book on world history, roled like a ball of yarn around the role salt played in this history. I think that different readers will enjoy different aspects of the book. There is something for everyone. This was interesting becuase other books stress the role of th I very much enjoyed this book on world history, roled like a ball of yarn around the role salt played in this history.

This was interesting becuase other books stress the role of the price of bread rather than these salt taxes. I believe there is something here for everyone. The author makes the information so interesting that it fastens in your head! Well hopefully at least for awhile! View all 14 comments. Apr 11, rivka rated it liked it Recommends it for: Those looking for factoids more than facts, and entertainment more than academic rigor.

While certainly an interesting and often entertaining read, with many historic details I had never heard before, this book is seriously flawed in several ways. It has a bibliography, but no footnotes or endnotes. But without detailed endnotes which a book of th While certainly an interesting and often entertaining read, with many historic details I had never heard before, this book is seriously flawed in several ways.

But without detailed endnotes which a book of this sort really ought to have , I would have to guess which of the many books in the bibliography is the source of any given fact or factoid. The book lacks a general organizing principle. Are we traveling through time, era by era? Through the globe, region by region? It never quite decides.

Nor can it decide what its theme or focus should be. Oct 17, Elana rated it did not like it. I was determined to read it after I chose it for a challenge I had entered but my goodness was it a struggle.

I had to think about and plan out times where I would be awake enough to read. I had to get multiple nights of decent amounts of sleep before I could continue on my huge undertaking of reading more than 20 pages. For the reader to actually not want to learn anything further about something that kinda seemed interesting at the time.

The information Kurlansky gave me was so irrelevant and uninteresting I found myself having to reread lines over and over and still not be able to understand what the significance of it being there was. I was really excited to read Salt: A World History because I thought it would be an unique experience to read about a topic that most people take for granted. To learn some new and interesting things about a topic that is very rarely a point of conversation.

But what I found was what I thought the stereotype of books about random specific topics would be like. Completely and totally uninteresting and boring. Jan 23, Grumpus rated it it was ok Shelves: This is based upon the audio download from [ www. Scott Brick The legendary pipes of Scott Brick did little to enhance this biography of the ubiquity of salt.

It was interesting This is based upon the audio download from [ www. It was interesting to learn that the salt in the human body is equivalent to what would be found in 3 or 4 salt shakers. The best part of the book for me was the role it played in U. I did not realize the strategic importance of salt, especially during the Civil War.

My favorite passage from the book was actually a quote from General William Tecumseh Sherman in August It was a slow, dry book but one that definitely imparts knowledge. May 28, Becky rated it liked it Shelves: I cannot tell you how many times I picked up and put down this book in stores across the nation There were sections that were legitimately interesting, but there were sections that just needed more editing, they needed to be trimmed down.

Also, I dont know how I would personally fix this, but the layout of the book seemed to need changed. It was largely geographically based, so then large sections felt very redundant, afterall there is not so much difference between salting anchovies, or cod, or herring.

Perhaps if the sections had been: Still, I learned a good deal of fascinating information, but I also often found myself too hungry to be rapt and craving salty, tasty foods.

Dec 18, Cricket rated it it was ok Shelves: I had an entire dialog in my head about it. How did you organize this book? Does each section have a main concept or idea?

One memorable example of this: I read a paragraph about the Egyptians making salt that, in the middle, incorporated a sentence about their trade with the Phoenicians, and then the next sentences finished the explanation salt making. Some might like their nonfiction to take the scenic route to every idea; I discovered through this book that I am not one of those people.

Nov 23, Benjamin rated it liked it. Though interesting by the end I was very ready to be done with it. Jul 18, Kian rated it it was ok Recommends it for: The history of salt is super interesting, and I learned a lot of amazing facts about human history from reading this book, BUT I mean, it has to be pretty bad for you to actually notice that a book is really poorly written.

Chapters would end out of nowhere, there were tons of non-sequiturs, etc. It got progressively worse as I got through the book- and then towards the end it became an advertisement for Mortons Salt. Dec 17, Leila rated it did not like it Shelves: I think this book should have been called Salt: There was just nothing about the writing or the information presented that was even mildly interesting.

Mar 24, Daniel Attack of the Books! Burton rated it really liked it Shelves: For a guy who literally looks like the Dos Equis man, Mark Kurlansky has managed to find some of the least interesting subject matter I could imagine and turn them into full histories.

Kurlansky seems to look around for the driest subjects and then to begin to research the heck out of it. And yes, he really does look like the Dos Eq For a guy who literally looks like the Dos Equis man, Mark Kurlansky has managed to find some of the least interesting subject matter I could imagine and turn them into full histories. And yes, he really does look like the Dos Equis man.

A World History made me thirsty. Between examining the long and storied history of salt over the millennia, Kurlansky peppers the text with recipes in which sodium chloride plays a major, if not crucial, ingredient. Here we see pickling, preservation, and flavoring, and yet, we should not think that Salt: A World History is aimed at the culinary inclined.

Kurlansky looks at geography, the rise of civilizations, and the placement of forts. From the location of Roman military depots near salt deposits to the role a shortage in salt played in bringing about the end of the American Civil War, Kurlansky is all over the map. Jul 09, mim rated it liked it. As I was reading it, I wavered between "this is so dense with facts and boring" to "this is sooo interesting.

There were parts that I skimmed over and parts that made me share them immediately. The part dealing with chemistry interested me a great deal. I was s What a book! Anyway, if you want to learn lots of facts about salt, read about place all around the world, learn about commerce, industry and rebellion, this is the book for you.

Apr 10, Teresa Lukey rated it really liked it Recommends it for: This book is about so much more than salt. A friend asked me what I was listening oo while listening to this one and they thought it sounded like an absurd thing to read about.

I found all the information presented in the book a little overwhelming at times and I do believe I would have given it 5 stars had I This book is about so much more than salt. I found all the information presented in the book a little overwhelming at times and I do believe I would have given it 5 stars had I read it more slowly and allowed the information to settle between reads.

I will be sure to read it at a later date for that reason. This is a thoroughly entertaining read! I recommend it to anyone who likes cooking, history or cataloging interesting little facts to spew at later dates. There is so much good party chit-chat tied up in this one. Aug 05, Quin rated it did not like it. Dec 21, Tracey rated it really liked it Shelves: Previously read Sept - Checked this out from the library on the recommendation of Carla Irene The title is pretty self-explanatory: I was pleased to see non-European cultures were included - especially since China and India have had such a rich history entwined with this essential mineral.

The book itself is very readable - covering both some more technical aspects of collecting and refining salt, as well as giving recipes and discussing the economic aspects. I would recommend this book to anyone who is interested in an overview of history with a twist and plan to read more books by Mr. A beautiful exploration into the role this substance has played in the human grand narrative. The story of how Ghandi used the British imposed salt laws, and his disobedience of them, to gain freedom for his country was truly riveting.

The tea tax in the American colonies, poll taxes, whiskey taxes. Now we find ourselves entering into a similar scenario with the crippling price of gasoline. Which represents a whole different problem. What really rises to the surface in book like this is the same old ancient story: Mar 03, Phoebe rated it really liked it. This audiobook was a real slog.

At almost 14 hours long, I had to speed it up to 1. Nonetheless there were some interesting factoids I collected. At the time if I got this right, people actually retained the rights to what was under their land. But This audiobook was a real slog. But the salt exploiters claimed that extracting the brine helped the local economy. So what if huge sinkholes started appearing everywhere. Now I know there had to be geologists and engineers warning oil companies that fracking was problematic.

Of course salt led to wars. An excellent example is Gandhi and the Salt Marsh protests in which led to protests again British rule, but was started over battles over the rights to collect salt. Lots of interesting history in this book but just too much of it. Dec 30, Dena rated it it was amazing.

This book was completely fascinating! Venice became a huge European powerhouse in the middle ages because of their saltworks, and I learned that salt even played a p This book was completely fascinating!

Venice became a huge European powerhouse in the middle ages because of their saltworks, and I learned that salt even played a part in the American Civil War all the good salt production was in the north, so the south had to ship it in. Feb 06, Erica rated it it was amazing. This is my most-favorite non-fiction book. I find it fascinating and enjoy something new every time I read or listen to it. Feb 08, Jessica added it. Lots of really interesting information, but so, so, so dry.

Might try this one in audiobook form at a different time. Plus, the old-school recipes were really interesting, if a little gross. Salt Discussion 7 17 Apr 27, Mark Kurlansky born 7 December in Hartford, Connecticut is a highly-acclaimed American journalist and writer of general interest non-fiction.

He is especially known for titles on eclectic topics, such as cod or salt. Kurlansky attended Butler University, where he harbored an early interest in theatre and earned a BA in


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