Inscribed writing was often filled in with ink afterwards, to make it more visible. In Southeast Asia and India, the most common writing surface was palm leaves, which were in widespread use by the seventh century A. To write on these leaves, scribes used a stylus quite similar to the ones by the Romans see below.
It was bronze, with a sharp point on one end for inscribing the letters and a flat blade on the other end for scraping the surface of the leaf smooth. As with Chinese writing, the inscribed letters would be filled with ink after writing, to make it more legible. For many centuries, Roman scribes used wooden tablets filled with wax for taking temporary notes, and even though writing technology had vastly improved in other ways see the sections below for some examples , the Romans were faced with the same difficulties with curves as the Sumerians had.
The Roman alphabet, also used extensively for inscriptions in stone, was made entirely of straight lines. To write in the wax, Roman scribes used a stylus that was long and thin like a pen, but had a point on one end for writing, and a broad, flat area on the other end for erasing by smoothing the wax out.
The ancient Egyptians invented a writing surface called papyrus sometime in the third millennium B. It was made from layers of thin sections of reeds, and made such a practical surface that it was adopted all over the Mediterranean world, including Greece and Rome. The best tool for writing on papyrus — which is much like a very textured paper and even gave paper its name — was a reed pen. These pens were lengths of reed cut to a point on one end and slit to facilitate the movement of ink.
They had to be repeatedly dipped in ink, but this worked well enough that very similar pens made from different materials were used right up into the 20th century, and are even used by some artists and calligraphers today. In the East, where paper was available early on, a brush was used for writing. Because these brushes were thick but tapered to a fine point, ancient Chinese writing is composed of sweeping strokes with both thick and thin lines, and the art of calligraphy was highly regarded.
Papyrus was used in Europe, too, but there was such a demand for writing materials that the supply of papyrus reeds began to run out, so another material was sought.
Animal skin, prepared in just the right way, was found to be a durable surface that could even be scraped clean of ink and re-used if necessary. This was called parchment or vellum. It was actually in use, though not popular, as early as the third century B. Medieval scribes used a metal-tipped bone stylus or a thin piece of lead called a "plummet" an ancestor of the pencil to mark out faint guidelines, then wrote using various types of pens, including reed pens, and pens cut from the flight feathers of large birds, called quill pens.
As metalworking became more refined, pen nibs were made of metal. Early metal nibs were durable and did not have to be sharpened like a quill pen did — though they still had to be dipped in ink every few letters — but they did corrode from the acids in early inks, and they were stiff and sometimes difficult to write with. As metal technology improved, so did pen nibs. A few pens were even made of blown glass, but were not widely adopted, probably because they broke easily.
Though most pencils were graphite not lead in wood, what we call the mechanical pencil was developed surprisingly early. Invented in , the "Everpointed Pencil" had a somewhat thicker lead than pencils do now, but the principle was the same.
First, one should note that this is an essay prompt intended to have you think creatively. On a literal level, neither a pen nor a pencil is wise, as both are inanimate objects.
On the most literal level, again, whether one prefers pen or pencil is a matter of individual choice and circumstance. The main difference between the two is that pen is much harder to erase, but more durable and easier to read.
If you want to argue that the pen should be the emblem of wisdom, there are several key points you could make:. While pens dipped in ink were used for writing on papyrus in ancient Egypt, the pencil was only invented in the sixteenth century due to the discovery of graphite.
One would desire words of wisdom to be written in a durable form, and thus the pen is more appropriate due to ink lasting longer. Dark ink from a pen is more opaque and thus more readable than writing in pencil and less prone to accidental smudging once it has dried.
Because it is difficult to erase writing from pens, you must think carefully before you write, whereas with pencil or, even more so, computers , your ability to correct easily may encourage you to write quickly without careful thought. What are reasons why a pen is wiser then a pencil?
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how to do a college research paper Homework Help Pens research proposal writing service spanish word essay. Come here for homework help in most any field. We will not do it for you, but we can give you hints. [High School Chemistry] Polarity of ball pen ink (agounimezain.tkrkHelp) submitted 3 years ago by iAndyy. The question is: The ink of a ball pen is soluble in ethanol, but not in water or heptane.
Answer to Consider the market for pens. Suppose that the number of students with an allergy to pencil erasers increases, causing m. Feb 27, ·» Homework Help» History Help; Leave a comment. Stylus, Quill and Pen: The Short History on Writing Instruments As metal technology improved, so did pen nibs. A few pens were even made of blown glass, but were not widely adopted, probably because they broke easily. slide 7 of 8. Mechanical Pencils and Self-Replenishing Pens.