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How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper

Avoid Common Mistakes

❶It should be pointed out that the Renaissance should not be understood in an historical sense as a sudden, radical break or a change for the Dark Ages…. It contains many sections compared to a regular essay.

Make Your Conclusion Effective

What is the Purpose of a Conclusion Paragraph?
No single formula exists that one should follow to conclude a research paper.
While reading the paper, keep a paper and pen with you.

Another way to create an impressive conclusion is to ask your readers instead of providing them with answers. However, note that such a creative approach may be inappropriate for some kinds of research papers. Your question must be directly related to the central topic and purpose of the paper. If you make a call to action, you have to explain what actions you consider the most important or effective.

Open Navigation Close Navigation. Summarize main points of your paper Remind your readers your key points. Discuss the significance of your points Note that it may be unnecessary for most papers. Discuss the future of your subject You have to address the future perspective of your research and the considered issue.

Make Your Conclusion Effective Basic synthesis As we have mentioned above, the conclusion must summarize the paper. Keep things together The best structure for a research paper includes an introduction and a conclusion which are linked to each other.

In the introduction, ask a question. When the whole paper is done, restate this question in the conclusion, and provide a clear answer. You can do it in the conclusion section. We suggest using the same images and concepts in both sections. Logic is important Sometimes your paper may contain many different or even opposite points. Ask readers to draw their own conclusions Another way to create an impressive conclusion is to ask your readers instead of providing them with answers.

Give a recommendation If you make a call to action, you have to explain what actions you consider the most important or effective. Such words are unnecessary and they sound unnatural. Make sure that your thesis is stated not only in the conclusion but also in the introduction and in the body part of your paper.

Your readers must follow your arguments throughout the entire paper. The introduction is aimed to only summarize what has been written before. Never express concerns about results of your research or your authority.

Never use the first person at all. Writing in the first person is too informal and cannot be used for academic papers. Avoid introducing new information. All of the above. Stick with a basic synthesis of information.

Since this sort of conclusion is so basic, it is vital that you aim to synthesize the information rather than merely summarizing it.

Instead of merely repeating things you already said, rephrase your thesis and supporting points in a way that ties them all together. By doing so, you make your research paper seem like a "complete thought" rather than a collection of random and vaguely related ideas. Bring things full circle. There are several ways to do this.

Ask a question in your introduction. In your conclusion, restate the question and provide a direct answer. Write an anecdote or story in your introduction but do not share the ending. Instead, write the conclusion to the anecdote in the conclusion of your paper. For example, if you wanted to get more creative and put a more humanistic spin on a paper on tuberculosis you might start your introduction with a story about a person with the disease, and refer to that story in your conclusion.

For example, you could say something like this before you re-state your thesis in your conclusion: The images may or may not appear at other points throughout the research paper. If your research paper presented multiple sides of an issue, use your conclusion to state a logical opinion formed by your evidence. Include enough information about your topic to back the statement up but do not get too carried away with excess detail.

If your research did not provide you with a clear-cut answer to a question posed in your thesis, do not be afraid to indicate as much. Restate your initial hypothesis and indicate whether you still believe it or if the research you performed has begun swaying your opinion. Indicate that an answer may still exist and that further research could shed more light on the topic at hand. Instead of handing the reader the conclusion, you are asking the reader to form his or her own conclusion.

This may not be appropriate for all types of research papers. Most research papers, such as one on effective treatment for diseases, will have the information to make the case for a particular argument already in the paper. A good example of a paper that might ask a question of the reader in the ending is one about a social issue, such as poverty or government policy. Ask a question that will directly get at the heart or purpose of the paper.

This question is often the same question, or some version of it, that you may have started out with when you began your research. Make sure that the question can be answered by the evidence presented in your paper. If desired, you can briefly summarize the answer after stating the question. You could also leave the question hanging for the reader to answer, though. If you are including a call to action in your conclusion, you could provide your reader with a recommendation on how to proceed with further research.

Even without a call to action, you can still make a recommendation to your reader. For instance, if you are writing about a topic like third-world poverty, you can various ways for the reader to assist in the problem without necessarily calling for more research.

Another example would be, in a paper about treatment for drug resistant tuberculosis, you could suggest making a donation to the World Health Organization or research foundations which are developing new treatments for the disease. Part 2 Quiz True or False: Avoid saying "in conclusion" or similar sayings. This includes "in summary" or "in closing. Moreover, using a phrase like "in conclusion" to begin your conclusion is a little too straight-forward and tends to lead to a weak conclusion.

A strong conclusion can stand on its own without being labelled as such. Do not wait until the conclusion to state your thesis. While it may be tempting to save your thesis in order to create a dramatic end to your paper, doing so will create a paper that seems less cohesive and more unorganized.

Always state the main argument or thesis in the introduction. A research paper is an analytical discussion of an academic topic, not a mystery novel. A good, effective research paper will allow your reader to follow your main argument from start to finish.

This is why it is best practice to start your paper with an introduction that states your main argument, and to end the paper with a conclusion that re-states your thesis for re-iteration. Leave out new information. All significant information should be introduced in the body of the paper. Supporting evidence expands the topic of your paper by making it appear more detailed. A conclusion should narrow the topic to a more general point. A conclusion should only summarize what you have already stated in the body of your paper.

You may make a suggestion for further research or a call to action, but you should not bring in any new evidence or facts in the conclusion. Avoid changing the tone of the paper. The tone of your research paper should be consistent the entire way through.

Most often, a shift in tone occurs when a research paper with an academic tone is give an emotional or sentimental conclusion. Even if the topic of the paper is of personal significance for you, you should not indicate as much in your paper. If you want to give your paper a more humanistic slant, you could start and end your paper with a story or anecdote that would give your topic more personal meaning to the reader.

This tone should be consistent throughout the paper, however. Do not make statements that downplay your authority or discoveries. Apologetic statements include phrases like "I may not be an expert" or "This is only my opinion. Avoid any statements in the first-person. First person is generally considered to be very informal and does not fit with the formal tone of a research paper. Part 3 Quiz How can you maintain a consistent tone throughout your paper?

Write only in the first person. Use anecdotes throughout the text. Keep your arguments strictly academic. Use the same verbs throughout your paper. Conclusions should be around , you are basically wrapping everything up so you want it short and sweet. Not Helpful 4 Helpful State your viewpoint on the main idea of your research paper. Not Helpful 9 Helpful How do I write a conclusion if my thesis is to prove or disprove something?

You should acknowledge the other side of the argument and discuss how your side is the "correct" one in the dispute; think of it like an "honorable mention. Not Helpful 5 Helpful Start by introducing your topic and hypothesis, then state your research findings and write a conclusion. Not Helpful 3 Helpful Not Helpful 4 Helpful 8. Not Helpful 27 Helpful How can I make a conclusion in a research paper dealing with matters of environmental impact of agriculture? Answer this question Flag as How to make a clear conclusion in a reasearch paper?

Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Quick Summary To write a conclusion for a research paper, start by restating your thesis statements. Did this summary help you? Essay Conclusions Research Papers In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 1,, times. Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better.

By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. BF Brooke Fuller Mar AS Ayesha Siddiquie Mar SL Sally Larrin Mar The steps were useful in helping me use the information I already had to make a coherent finish to the article. UA Ummay Aimen Sep 30, A Anonymous Oct 22, It seems I did not include more than 2 points though, so it was a bit harder than it could have been for me. ML Maya Loeven Jun 4, Thank you to all the editors! A Anonymous Sep 26, It was very helpful, because it was hard to find such a tutorial in such great detail for free.

EH Eleah Haan Feb 28, There were step-by-step steps and even a quick skim will give one an understanding of a essay conclusion. MC Mark Consul Mar 6, This would help me make my research paper more catchy to my readers.

How to Write an Essay Conclusion

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The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable.

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Such a conclusion will help them see why all your analysis and information should matter to them after they put the paper down. Your conclusion is your chance to have the last word on the subject. The conclusion allows you to have the final say on the issues you have raised in your paper, to synthesize your thoughts, to demonstrate the.

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A research paper that is very long, such as a dissertation or a graduate thesis, may need a conclusion that extends for several pages. However, the conclusion to paper that is written for an ordinary research assignment may need only a few paragraphs in order to generate an effective conclusion. The Results & Discussion section is what predetermines the conclusion of the study, and it is critical to understand how to write a conclusion for a research paper with the help of so-called transitions words.

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How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper. Publication Date: 22 Feb The conclusion is the last, yet not the easiest part of a research paper. It must . When you are finished reading the conclusion or the last chapter of the research paper, create a sentence that serves as the concluding sentence of your summary and elaborates the conclusions drawn by the writer at the end of the paper.